The Federal Government says a number of factors beyond its control lead to the current situation in which the cost of fertiliser increases to between 110 per cent and 150. per cent.
The Minister of Information and Culture, Alhaji Lai Mohammed stated this at a media briefing on Thursday in Abuja.
The minister was reacting to an allegation by former Vice President Atiku Abubakar, while presenting his Economic Blueprint, that farmers now pay 200 per cent more for a bag of fertilizer – if they see it – than they did in 2020.
The efforts of the Presidential Fertilizer Initiative inaugurated in 2016 by President Muhammadu Buhari, the, price of fertilizer reduced from over N10,000 to under N5,500.
Currently, the price of the commodity is between N15,000 for NPK 20:10:10 and N23,000 for NPK 15:15:15.
Mohammed said the factors that led to rise included a three-fold increase in the cost of natural gas, a primary feedstock in fertilizer production and post-COVID-19 shutdowns of key raw materials manufacturing plants.
Other factors identified by the minister were, sanctions imposed on Belarus and Russia, occasioned by the war between Russia and Ukraine, and the impact of significant domestic inflation on global and in-country logistics and transportation of fertilizer raw materials.
The minister recalled that President Muhammadu Buhari negotiated a fixed price for Phosphate at $290/MT and a fixed discount of $15/MT for Potash from the government of Morocco and Russia, respectively.
He said the Presidential Fertilizer Initiative purchased raw materials at these prices for four years, between 2017 and 2020.
Mohammed said from 2021, however, upon the restructuring of PFI, raw material purchases were undertaken at globally-traded prices.
“Phosphate prices increased 32 per cent from $290/MT in 2017 to $1,255.0/MT in 2022, Potash prices rose by 364 per cent moving from $256.0/MT in 2017 to $1,187.5/MT in 2022,
” Urea prices rose by 246 per cent from about $300/MT in 2018 to $1,037.5/MT in 2022.
“Under this development, no magic can keep the price of fertilizer at what it was before the astronomical increase in the cost of production.
The minister described the statement by Atiku, opposition Peoples Democratic Party (PDP)’s Presidential Candidate as “unfortunate and a reflection of total lack of understanding of the issues at stake”.
“Shockingly, the former Vice President seems to know little or nothing about the Buhari Administration’s unprecedented efforts to make fertilizer available at affordable prices to Nigerian farmers.
“He also seems to know little or nothing about how global developments have negatively impacted on the price of fertilizer today, when he said ‘farmers now pay 200 per cent more for a bag of fertilizer – if they see it – than they did in 2020″.
Mohammed recalled that the Presidential Fertilizer Initiative (PFI), flagged-off in December 2016 by Buhari, aimed to support the domestic blending of NPK 20:10:10 fertilizer in order to reduce the challenges of the Nigerian farmers.
“The PFI delivered on key outcomes, including over 30 million bags of 50kg NPK 20:10:10 equivalent during the project period and price reduction on fertilizer from over N10,000 to under N5,500.
Over its 5-year run, the programme succeeded in increasing the number of blending plants from only 4 to 72 through the rejuvenation of 68 moribund blending plants,,” he said
Mohammed added that the efforts led to creating hundreds of thousands of indirect jobs and thousands of direct jobs in the sector.
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